Lily is one of the most beautiful plants that can be found in a summer cottage. To enjoy the abundant flowering of lilies, you need to properly care for the flower.
- Description of the plant
- Necessary conditions for growing
- Planting plants: basic rules
- Lily care
Description of the plant
Lily is a bulbous perennial plant of the Liliaceae family. Bulbs can be of various shapes, the diameter of the smallest specimen is 1 cm, and the largest is about 30 cm. The shape is spherical or ovoid. Lilies have a straight stem, slightly branched and leafy. Depending on the variety, the variety can reach a height of up to 250 cm.
The inflorescences are cylindrical or conical in shape. They contain 8-16 flowers. Duration of flowering is about 17 days. Flowers have a variety of shapes: star-shaped, tubular, funnel-shaped, bell-shaped, cup-shaped, etc. Lilies, depending on the variety, can have different colors: bright scarlet, orange, snow-white, pink, purple, etc. Different varieties of lilies have different flowering times: some species begin to bloom in early June, while others bloom only in July.
Necessary conditions for growing
Lilies love light and breathable soil. These plants do not tolerate waterlogged soil well: the bulbs will begin to rot. If the soil is heavy, it is recommended to add some sand or peat. To increase the nutritional value of the soil, humus should be added - about 10 kg per square meter.
Since lilies are perennial plants, they can grow in the same place for a long time, and there is no need to replant. Lilies feel comfortable in a sunny, windless area. It is advisable to plant bulbs between low-growing plants. They will not allow the soil and root system to overheat.
It is recommended to plant lilies in the fall. The best time to plant is early October. Before the onset of winter, the root system will be developed and temperature drops will not be terrible. Some varieties can also be planted in spring, when stable warm weather sets in.
Planting plants: basic rules
Immediately before planting, it is necessary to dig up the soil and remove weeds. It is important to determine the acidity of the soil and, if necessary, add wood ash or lime. Next, prepare holes about 40 cm wide. Put a layer of sand on the bottom and sprinkle with soil. Before planting bulbs, rotten, unhealthy specimens should be selected.
In the presence of colored scales, they are cleaned and treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. The bulbs can be of different sizes, taking this into account, the planting depth is chosen: small specimens are deepened by 6-7 cm, and larger ones by 10-15 cm. Then, around the planted bulb, compact the soil and make a small mound, mulch and water. As mulch, you can take sawdust, peat, small needles. When planting, the distance between plants should be about 15-20 cm, and for tall varieties - 25-30 cm.
In order for lilies to bloom magnificently and develop well, it is necessary to properly care for the plants. Caring for lilies involves performing activities such as timely watering and fertilization. Lilies need moisture throughout the growing season. In drought, root watering is performed twice - in the morning and in the evening. This will prevent leaf burns.
It is important to ensure that the soil is not too wet. If water gets on the leaves, this can lead to their decay. After watering, mulch the soil. At the end of flowering, watering is reduced, but not stopped. With a lack of moisture, lily flowers will be curved and small. Fertilizers for lilies are applied regularly. It is recommended to feed the plant about 3-4 times per season.
The application of fresh manure prevents the flowering of these perennial plants and stimulates the development of green mass. The first feeding is carried out before the formation of shoots. You can use ammonium nitrate or nitrogen fertilizer.
In summer, the plants are fed with wood ash, and with the formation of buds - with a solution of ammonium nitrate. After flowering, cut off part of the peduncle so that the length of the stem is about 20 cm.During this period, the last feeding with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer is carried out. Proper feeding and watering contributes to long and abundant flowering of plants.
It is important not to forget to regularly inspect the plants and cut them off if there are withered flowers. Weeds should be removed, and loosening should be carried out in case of cracks and crusts on the surface of the soil. Aspiring flower growers should know that lush bloom depends not only on proper planting, but also on proper plant care during and after flowering.
Video about planting and transplanting a line: